Coffee may just be a boring routine for some people but for us connoisseurs and enthusiasts, we take coffee seriously and it’s great to learn how to make pour over coffee if you want to maintain that taste and quality of the authentic coffee. Sure, there are lots of easy and convenient ways to brew coffee nowadays. You can just purchase a drip type coffeemaker and be done with it or some may prefer the more advanced espresso machines. But there is something quite unique about making pour over coffee that some of us would prefer to take the time and learn the tricks to do it just right.
The process of how to make pour over coffee is kind of like meditation. You don’t need expensive machines and all you need are a few simple and inexpensive tools. Your favorite beverage will be similar to a drip coffeemaker result but if you are a serious coffee drinker, you will notice that’s it’s more delicate and complex.
The Right Grind
As with any type of coffee making, whatever type of brewing method you choose, you would need to do the proper grind settings to make the perfect cup. There are different types of grind size and consistency that would be suitable to different types of coffeemakers. If you are still looking for a grinder, here is a great guide on the best coffee grinder.
It’s very important that you do the right grind before learning how to make pour over coffee. You need to grind it on the right size and the correct setting.
The perfect time to grind your coffee beans is right before you brew the coffee. Do not grind it ahead of time. Fresh coffee begins to oxidize as soon as you grind it and it will also age faster. Wait until you’ve prepared everything for brewing your coffee then grind your beans just before you make your brew.
The grind size also affects the overall taste and quality of your coffee. You would need to learn the proper grind size to master how to make pour over coffee. Grind size affects the coffee surface area that is exposed to water which is the extraction process. If you grind too finely, you will extract too much from the coffee beans and it could taste bitter. But if you grind too coarsely, it will be too little flavor and could taste sour and lack depth.
Grind to about the size of a kosher salt for how to make pour over coffee. If you still think it tastes too strong, make it a little coarser and vice versa.
The best type of grinder to use for pour over coffee is a burr grinder. Blade grinders chop the coffee to uneven pieces so it could lead to uneven extraction.
How to Make Pour Over Coffee
So let us look at the correct methods on how to make pour over coffee that will result in the flavor and depth that you want.
What You’ll Need
Of course, you would need your freshly ground coffee, a filter, and a filter holder which is also called a pour over dripper. You would also need your water carafe and then your cup.
Rinse Your Filter
Before brewing, place your filter in the brewer and rinse it with hot water. This will rinse out the paper residue to remove the woodsy taste and warm up your brewer. It will keep the temperature stable.
Bring about 20oz of water to a boil.
Following the guide on grinding above, grind 30 grams of coffee beans or 3 tablespoons. The coarseness should resemble sea salt. Choose coffee bean that is lightly roasted.
Wet the Filter
You can skip this step if you are using a custom Blue Bottle Filter. But if you use the regular #2 filter with a dripper, it is recommended that you pre-wet your filter. Wet it with hot water and then dump the water before proceeding with how to make pour over coffee.
Add Your Coffee
Pour your coffee grounds to the filter and gently tap it to level the surface. Place your brewer on a carafe or your coffee cup.
Now for the most important method in how to make pour over coffee, you would need to perfect your pour. That is why it is called pour over. There will be a total of 4 pours for this method of brewing.
First is the bloom pour which is the most magical. When the hot water hits the coffee grounds, it releases Co2 and creates a blossoming effect where the grounds will rise up. Start a timer and begin pouring the hot water slowly over the coffee toward the center of the grounds. Make sure all the grounds are saturated. This should take about 15 seconds. Let it drip for an additional 30 seconds before the second pour.
For the second pour, start at the center of the grounds and pour in a steady spiral toward the outer edge. Then go back toward the center. You should pour all the way out over the ripples of the filter. It will help keep the grounds from being trapped. Your goal is to sink all the grounds on the surface of the bed. This will create a gentle turbulence that stirs the coffee and allow even extraction. Let it elapse for 45 to 65 seconds.
Let the mixture of water and coffee from the second pour drop to the bottom of the filter first. Then on the third pour, pour an additional 100 grams of water using the same pattern of the second pour. It should take 15 to 20 seconds.
When the water and coffee drops to the bottom of the filter, you can complete your final pour. It should take 20 seconds.
You will now have completed mastering the art of how to make pour over coffee. Make adjustments to your coffee if it tastes weak or sour. You can adjust your grinds to make them finer for next time. Or if it’s too bitter, you should adjust to a coarser grind.